Fans of French Press coffee love it because this brewing method saves all those rich flavours and tantalising aromas.
1. Use Quality Coffee
Although the French Press Method helps preserve your coffee’s flavour, commercial brands already take out a lot of the coffee flavour during production and manufacturing. Quality coffee is produced in smaller batches and doesn’t sit on a shelf for months at a grocery store. We have a range of specialty coffee's available specifically for this reason. Look out for the MICROLOT HOLOGRAM label on our single origin coffees.
2. Grind Your Coffee
Always keep your coffee fresh. Whole bean coffee keeps its flavour longer. The reason for this is that once you grind coffee beans, the coffee oils begin to evaporate, making the coffee lose its flavour. When you keep the beans whole until you need them, you preserve those oils. Or, if you don't have a grinder, most of our coffees can be ground to your preference.
3. Preheat Your French Press
The French Press’s only source of heat is the hot water you pour into it. A lot of water’s heat gets absorbed by the cold French Press rather than the brew. By preheating the French Press first, more heat goes directly into the drink instead. We always swear by Bodum French presses. They are hand made and have proven to be reliable and economical.
4. Preheat Your Mug
Like with the French Press itself, the mug you pour your coffee into also sucks the brew’s heat. Before pouring your coffee, run your cup through hot water to warm it. Then dump the water, pour your coffee, and enjoy your hot beverage.
5. Let The Boil Subside
If you add water that is still boiling to your French Press, you risk over-extracting the grinds’ oils. This results in the dreaded bitter taste that can be the downfall of French Press brewed coffee. Wait until the water stops boiling before brewing.
6. Use A Medium Coarse To Coarse Ground
When you make espresso, you want a fine grind, but the opposite is true with French Press Coffee. A coarser ground coffee means fewer grinds end up in your cup. However, because French Pressed coffee steeps the grinds in the water, you won’t sacrifice taste.
7. Use Enough Filters
Using enough filters will also help reduce coffee grit. Depending on how coarse your coffee grounds are, you may need only two for larger grounds or up to four for finely ground coffee. The more filters used, the fewer coffee grinds end up in your drink.
8. Brew A Little Extra Coffee
Brewing a little extra coffee is another way to reduce the number of coffee grinds that end up in your coffee. Brew a half cup more than you plan on drinking. The grounds stay with the extra, and you get a clean drink.
9. Add A Bit More Water
Adding a quarter cup more water compensates for the water absorbed by the grounds in the brewing process. Adding a bit more water will help reduce grounds in your coffee while still giving you the full amount of coffee in your cup.
10. Use A Timer
Don’t approximate your brewing times. Use a timer to ensure your coffee doesn’t get bitter from over-extraction. The rule of thumb is four minutes, but try shorter or longer times until you get the taste you like. Using a consistent brew time helps keep the flavour consistent.
11. Decant Your Coffee ASAP
Put your coffee in a decanter immediately if you’re not planning on drinking it all at once. Transferring the coffee right away will stop it from continuing to steep. If you leave your coffee in the French Press, it’ll get bitter from over brewing.
12. Clean Your French Press Thoroughly
Clean your entire French Press with hot soapy water and rinse well, then let it dry. Every five to seven uses soak the press in hot water mixed with a half cup of distilled white vinegar. Let the entire machine soak 15 minutes then rinse.
13. Use A Scale
Different types of coffee beans have different densities. Due to the varied densities, it can sometimes throw off the volume measurement for a coffee scoop. A scale will measure the weight of the coffee and make sure you’re using the same amount of coffee each time.
14. Buy A Good Grinder
Since whole bean coffee is fresher and has a more vibrant flavour than pre-ground coffee, it’s a good idea to get a grinder that will grind coffee in the amount and coarseness you want. A good grinder will give you both grind and amount options to suit your taste. You can purchase a high quality hand grinder HERE.
15. Use Quality Water
Tap water usually contains sediment and water treatment chemicals that can affect the taste of the coffee you brew. Using bottled water or distilled water will result in a purer coffee taste because the water is not adding its own flavour to the brew.
16. Use Enough Coffee
When you’re using a French Press, it’s crucial to make sure you’re using the correct coffee to water ratio. When you use too much water and not enough coffee, you get a watered down taste. A good ratio to start with is half an ounce of coffee per 250 grams of water.
17. Use Hot Water, But Not Boiling
Water that’s too hot or cold will result in over-extraction or under-extraction of the flavours, and your coffee will be too bitter or too weak. Use a thermometer to check the water temperature. 195-205F will give you the best results.
18. Jump-Start The Brew With A Small Amount Of Water
Jump-start grinds by dampening them thoroughly and letting them sit for about 30 seconds. This technique allows trapped carbon dioxide to escape that would otherwise alter your coffee’s taste. After 30 seconds are over, pour the rest of the water in.
19. Stir The Brew At The End
You should never stir the brew until it’s finished its entire brew cycle. Mixing it before brewing finishes disrupts the extraction process. When you stir it, the grinds sink in the water, and this slows the extraction process.
20. Make Sure Coffee Grinds Are Under The Filter Before Plunging
Make sure your coffee press is free from leftover coffee sediment from the last batch that will throw off the coffee’s flavour. Pour the coffee into the press carefully, so that no coffee gets up the sides to keep the grinds under the filter before plunging.
21. Use A Specialised Paper Filter
Using a cone-shaped paper filter will help accentuate certain flavours in coffee. Many people recommend the Hario V60 cone filter, but feel free to try different ones for your desired results. Brew your coffee as usual then pour it through the paper filter for a rich ground free flavour.
22. If You Use Finer Grinds, Use A Shorter Brew Time
The finer the grinds, the stronger the coffee will be when brewed. Most coffee experts recommend using a coarser grind for a French Press. If you are going to use a finer grind, shorten the extraction time accordingly to avoid over-extraction resulting in bitter-tasting coffee.
Many coffee enthusiasts recognise French Press coffee as the best-tasting brewing method because it keeps more of the coffee’s natural flavours. However, while a French Press will make good coffee, using the French Press Tips above and avoiding these French Press mistakes will take the experience from great to amazing.
- (n.d.) How to French Press with Crema.co. Retrieved from https://crema.co/guides/french-press-coffee
- Quinn M. (2018, April 28). What is Coffee Bloom? Retrieved from https://foodal.com/drinks-2/coffee/guides-coffee/what-is-bloom/
- (2020, February 18). 18 Tips for the Perfect French Press Coffee. Retrieved from https://www.haymancoffee.com/blogs/coffee-blog/18-tips-for-the-perfect-french-press-coffee-part-2
- (2020, March 30). French Press to Pour Over: How to Make Great Coffee at Home. Retrieved from https://perfectdailygrind.com/2020/03/french-press-to-pour-over-how-to-make-great-coffee-at-home/
Originally written by Jovana D for Home Grounds