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Types of Coffee Beans | How to Make the Perfect Espresso | Part One

Posted by Luke Kovacs on
How to make espresso part one about the type of beans


Coffea Arabica

Coffea Arabica, is native to Ethiopia and Yemen, and is superior to other species of the Coffea family.

Commonly known as Arabica, this species has sweet, fruity, nutty characteristics which is highly desirable. Arabica beans do not have a high caffeine content in comparison to its other family members.

Coffea Canephora

Coffea Canephora, is the species that is believed to have originated in Central and Western Africa. Commonly known as Robusta, this family has almost twice as much caffeine as Arabica beans. It has bitter earthly flavours , which is sometimes desirable in blended coffee to give it a ‘stronger coffee flavour’.

It was the Arabs who saw the trading potential of the coffee commodity and sold the beans to northern Africa. Early 14th century explorers, upon seeing the coffee drinking in the east, labelled it a drug, reporting many medicinal benefits from it’s consumption.

From the 17th century, beans entered the European markets firstly in Italy; starting with the city of Venice the coffee entered through Egypt, where the popularity of coffee became wide spread and was called the “wine of Arabia”

At King Carlos Coffee we only use Arabica beans as quality is imperative!

We operate as a boutique Roastery that go through an intense process in picking specific green beans and are involved in each step by step process so we can produce pure award winning quality coffee!




Sweet, fruity, nutty characteristics with light caffeine content


Bitter, earthy characteristics with a caffeine content almost twice as strong as Arabica

Single Origins

Coffee grown from one particular country

Estate Coffee

From one particular farm, desired for its unique flavours


When different types of coffees from different countries are blended together to form a complex blend of coffee. Special blends are closely guarded secrets that are passed on from one generation to the next.

Browse through our selection of award winning coffee today click here

We also stock a huge range of brewing equipment click here and get started

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